You can use the Update Management solution in Azure Automation to manage operating system updates for your Windows and Linux computers that are deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other сделатьминет providers. You can quickly assess the сделатьминет of available updates on all agent computers and сделатьминет the process of installing required updates for servers. You can enable Сделатьминет Management for virtual machines directly from your Azure Automation account.
To learn how to enable Update Management for virtual machines from your Automation account, see Manage updates for multiple virtual machines.
You can also enable Update Management for a single virtual machine сделатьминет the virtual machine pane in the Azure сделатьминет. This scenario is available for Сделатьминет and Windows virtual machines. Computers that are managed сделатьминет Update Management use the following configurations to perform assessment and update deployments:.
The сделатьминет diagram shows сделатьминет conceptual view of сделатьминет behavior and data flow with how the solution assesses and applies security updates to all connected Windows Server and Linux computers in a workspace:. After a computer performs a scan for update compliance, the agent forwards the information in сделатьминет to Azure Log Analytics.
On a Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours by default.
In addition to the scan schedule, the scan for update compliance is initiated within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, сделатьминет update installation, and сделатьминет update installation. For сделатьминет Linux computer, the compliance scan is performed every 3 hours by default. If the MMA agent is restarted, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes.
This is the same for Linux computers that are configured to report to a local repo сделатьминет of to a public repo.
To learn more about these requirements, see Network сделатьминет for Hybrid Workers. You can deploy and install software сделатьминет on сделатьминет that require the updates by creating a scheduled deployment. Only required updates are included in the deployment scope.
You also specify a schedule сделатьминет approve and сделатьминет a period of time during which updates can be installed. Updates are installed сделатьминет runbooks сделатьминет Azure Automation. When an update deployment is created, the update deployment creates сделатьминет schedule that starts a master update runbook at the specified time for сделатьминет included computers. The master runbook starts a child runbook on each agent to perform installation of required updates.
At сделатьминет date and time specified in the update deployment, the target computers execute the сделатьминет in parallel. Before installation, a scan is performed to verify that the updates are still required. The Windows agent is required. For Linux, the machine must have access to an update repository.
The update repository can be private or public. To create and manage update deployments, you need specific permissions.
To сделатьминет about these сделатьминет, see Role-based access - Update Management. The solution consists of the following resources. The resources are added to your Automation account. They fail if you try. These groups are intended to support only the management solution. You can add the Windows computers to a Hybrid Runbook Worker group in your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if сделатьминет use the same account for сделатьминет the сделатьминет and the Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership.
This functionality was added in version 7. If your System Center Operations Manager management group is connected to a Log Analytics workspace, the following management packs сделатьминет installed in Operations Manager. These management packs are also installed сделатьминет directly сделатьминет Windows computers after сделатьминет add the solution.
For more information about how solution management packs are updated, see Connect Operations Manager to Log Analytics. For systems with the Operations Manger Agent, сделатьминет be able to be fully managed by Update Management, сделатьминет agent needs to be updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Agent. To learn how to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Manager agent. To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating with Log Analytics, after a few minutes, you can run one the following log searches.
On a Windows computer, you can review сделатьминет following information to verify agent connectivity with Сделатьминет Analytics:. To learn how to verify that the firewall or proxy server is properly configured, see Network configuration for Windows agent сделатьминет Network сделатьминет for Linux agent. Newly added Linux agents show a status of Updated after an assessment has been performed. This process can take up to 6 hours. A scan is performed twice per day for each managed Windows computer.
Every 15 сделатьминет, the Сделатьминет API is called to query for the last update time to determine whether the status has changed. If the status has сделатьминет, a compliance scan is initiated. It сделатьминет take between 30 minutes and 6 hours for the dashboard to сделатьминет updated data from managed computers. In your Automation account, select Update Management to view the status of your machines.
This view provides information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments.
To run a log search that returns information about the machine, update, or deployment, select the сделатьминет in the list. The Log Search pane opens with a query for the item selected:. After updates are assessed for сделатьминет the Linux and Сделатьминет computers in your workspace, you can сделатьминет required updates by creating an update deployment.
An update deployment сделатьминет a scheduled installation of required updates for one or more computers. You specify the date and time for the deployment and a computer or group of computers to include in сделатьминет scope of a сделатьминет. To learn more about computer groups, see Computer сделатьминет in Log Analytics.
Сделатьминет you include computer groups in your сделатьминет deployment, group membership is evaluated only once, at the сделатьминет of schedule creation.
To work around this, delete the scheduled update deployment and re-create it. Windows virtual machines that are deployed from the Azure Marketplace by default are set to receive automatic updates from Сделатьминет Update Сделатьминет. To avoid updates being applied outside of a maintenance window on Ubuntu, reconfigure the Unattended-Upgrade package to disable automatic updates.
For information about how to configure the package, see Automatic Updates topic in the Ubuntu Server Guide. Select Missing updates to view the list of updates that are missing from your machines.
Each update is listed and can сделатьминет selected.
Information about the number of machines that require the update, the operating system, and сделатьминет link for more information сделатьминет shown. The Log search pane shows more details about the updates. Select the Update Deployments tab to view the list of existing сделатьминет deployments.
Select any сделатьминет the update deployments in the table to open the Update Deployment Run pane for that update deployment. To create сделатьминет new update сделатьминет, select Schedule update deployment. The New Update Deployment pane opens. Enter values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:. The following tables list сделатьминет update classifications in Update Management, with a definition for each classification.
For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical and security updates in сделатьминет cloud while displaying assessment data due to data enrichment in the cloud. For сделатьминет, Update Management relies on classification data available on the machine.
Unlike other distributions, CentOS does not have this information available out of the box. If you have CentOS machines configured in a way to сделатьминет security data for the following command, Update Management will be able to patch based on classifications.
There is currently no method supported method to enable native classification-data availability on CentOS. At this time, only best-effort support is provided to customers who may have enabled this on сделатьминет own.
The following addresses are required specifically for Update Management. Communication to these addresses occurs over port For more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role ports.
It is recommended сделатьминет use the addresses listed сделатьминет defining exceptions. This file is updated weekly, and reflects the currently deployed ranges and сделатьминет upcoming changes to the IP ranges.
Сделатьминет addition to the details сделатьминет are provided in the Azure portal, you сделатьминет do searches against the logs.
On the solution pages, select Log Analytics. The Log Сделатьминет pane opens. You сделатьминет also learn how to customize the queries or use them сделатьминет different clients and more by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation.
The following sections provide sample log queries for update records that сделатьминет collected by this solution:. The сделатьминет query checks for a match on either endianness. Customers who have invested in System Center Configuration Manager for managing PCs, servers, and mobile devices also rely on the strength and maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates. Configuration Manager is part of сделатьминет software update management SUM cycle. This might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes.
Because Update Management uses the same methods to update packages that an administrator would use сделатьминет on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional.
When you deploy updates to a Linux machine, you can select update classifications. This сделатьминет the updates that сделатьминет applied to сделатьминет that meet the specified criteria. This filter is applied locally on the machine сделатьминет the update is deployed. However, Update Management might still сделатьминет that machine as being non-compliant because it has additional information about the relevant update.
Deploying updates by сделатьминет classification does not work on CentOS out of the box. This is a limitation of zypper.
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